Everyone has experienced severe muscle aches that come from delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and that comes a day or two after a workout, but when the program becomes more consistent work these days should be the most important to get train with intensity and get the expected results.
Many fail to that period of muscular pain and may be because you are using the correct technique in training; orient you in all cases our dear readers that growth occurs from damage to muscles that are reconstructed, get bigger and stronger leading to windfall profits if you follow well defined patterns over time.
By some microscopic detail below as the muscle grows and analyzes if the damage is absolutely essential for muscle hypertrophy.
The damage to muscle
A lot of research has been done on muscle damage and its effect on muscle hypertrophy in fact much is known about the processes involved in muscle damage and how they influence muscle growth.
Muscle damage can occur from mechanical stress or chemical, in the case of the weights is by mechanical stress.
- In simple terms, the muscle fibers contract by a ratchet mechanism.
- A specific protein called myosin connects to other actin protein and then pull the nearest actin.
- Thousands and thousands of connections “actin and myosin” occur in each muscle fiber to lift a weight.
- This action shortens the muscle and is basically like a contracted muscle to lift a weight.
Even when you are not using the heavyweight muscle damage can occur similarly, when the muscles are fatigued to perform extra reps, again, have difficulty withstanding the weight when the muscle fiber is stretched and again, actin and myosin that are shredded by the force causing damage that are similar to wounds body anywhere.
Immediately after the injury, there is an inflammatory response that ultimately leads to healing of the muscle fiber even bigger and stronger than it was previously, this inflammatory response is a cascade of events involving over many different white cells blood cell signaling messengers, chemicals, fluids, growth factors and special cells known as satellite cells.
- When damage occurs, the first cells to arrive are neutrophils.
- These specialized white blood cells secrete chemicals such as enzymes and toxic chemicals, which further degrade the damaged tissue.
- Following the footsteps of neutrophils are other white blood cells, the macrophages.
- After the tissues break down properly, neutrophils and macrophages in an effort to clean everything around preparing for the makeover.
- While all this is broken down and inside the cell engulfs large amounts of liquid fill and its surroundings, causing swelling.
When we talk about growth, we recommend to pay close attention to satellite cells and macrophages in this case it helped to clean and remove the damaged tissue also secrete chemicals that play a small but essential role in many processes and eventually lead to the activation and growth of satellite cells.
Satellite cells are the critical factor in the volume of muscle studies confirm that individuals trained with greater muscle mass have more muscle fiber nuclei per cell.
A greater number of cores control the phenomenon known as muscle memory, where a person previously trained can rebuild lost muscle faster than someone who has never had muscle mass and this is due to excess nuclei that accumulate more muscle protein faster with less than one cell nuclei.
- Cellular inflammation that comes with damaged muscle inflammation and can help stimulate muscle growth.
- When a muscle cell is filled with liquid, stretching occurs in the muscle cell membrane.
- This section of the cell signal is to increase the size and strength of the structure to prevent swelling literally pop the cell.
In summary, for this to happen the muscle cell increases muscle protein synthesis while decreasing muscle protein degradation, and this is one reason why supplements like creatine, taurine and glutamine can help increase long-term muscle growth.