On the use of training belt we can observe that there are people who never use it and others that take it positioned consistently. Belt use has always been a controversial subject, has its advantages, but also should not use it consistently.
Belt use as a function of training has to stabilize the lumbar spine exercises which handle high currents and the back is very high loads, such as during the execution of the squat. In these cases, it is justified to use the belt to release the lumbar load and greater stability. However, its systematic use is not beneficial.
That prevents overloads lumbar hip belt is a misunderstood statement. It is true that the lumbar belt increases abdominal pressure and stabilize our spine, protecting loads are transmitted through it. However, this is a double edged sword. Paradoxically, the more we use it, the weaker will be our muscles and increased risk of subsequent injury in training. In order to prevent muscle imbalances and back pain, we should use as little as possible.
Our body has a natural belt corset so-called core, which is the deep muscle of the abdomen (transverse and internal oblique). Furthermore, the column is surrounded by a muscle whose primary function is to provide stability. Every time we put a girdle, corset or weight lifting belt, we are replacing the action of these muscles by an external element, do not let these muscles get loaded and packaged so they can get to protect our structures joints in a natural way. Our core is much weaker and creates an imbalance that can result in personal injury not being able to stabilize the spine loads.
Therefore, the belt should be used only in specific situations when lifting heavy loads, as in the past when working sets of squats maximum strength. Let your stabilizers work, let it make its action participating in the exercise and not depend on the belt to any effort.
Advantages of belt training
- Training belts compress the spine by increasing abdominal pressure and “wrap” so the torso. In other words, provide a lumbar support.
- The belts can reduce the risk of low back injury.
- The belts may enhance proprioception by increasing the perception of stability in a given survey.
- Therefore we can say it provides psychological help, a placebo effect that is compounded by the increased proprioceptive information that makes us aware of the position of your spine, back and abdominal tone curve.
Disadvantages of belt training
- We run the risk of nullifying the work of the natural hip belt.
- Its abuse leads to atrophy of the musculature of the spine and weakness of the middle.
- If the above occurs imagine its implications for other sports
- With regard to risk of injury, an athlete who uses a lifting belt when injured you risk more serious injury. Believing that you can lift more kilos by their use can lead to serious injury.
- It can increase blood pressure. Increased intra-abdominal and thoracic pressure during the
- Valsalva maneuver results in arrhythmias and cardiac output decrease venous return compromise.
- Belts can change the style of lifting.